SbOx thin films are deposited by atomic layer deposition (ALD) using SbCl5 and Sb(NMe2)3 as antimony reactants and H2O and H2O2 as oxidizers at low temperatures. SbCl5 can react with both oxidizers, while no deposition is found to occur using Sb(NMe2)3 and H2O. For the first time, the reaction mechanism and dielectric properties of ALD-SbOx thin films are systematically studied, which exhibit a high breakdown field of ≈4 MV/cm and high areal capacitance ranging from 150 to 200 nF/cm², corresponding to a dielectric constant ranging from 10 to 13. The ZnO semiconductor layer is integrated into a SbOx dielectric layer, and thin film transistors (TFTs) are successfully fabricated. A TFT with a SbOx dielectric layer deposited at 200 °C from Sb(NMe2)3 and H2O2 presents excellent performance, such as a field effect mobility (µ) of 12.4 cm²/V∙s, Ion/Ioff ratio of 4∙10^8, subthreshold swing of 0.22 V/dec, and a trapping state (Ntrap) of 1.1∙10^12 1/eV∙cm². The amorphous structure and high areal capacitance of SbOx boosts the interface between the semiconductor and dielectric layer of TFT devices and provide a strong electric field for electrons to improve the device mobility.
Following the nice discussions at the EFDS „Simulations for ALD“ workshop organized online March 2021, a workshop on modelling atomic layer processes will be held in Linköping, Sweden 15-16 March 2022. The meeting format will be hybrid with possibility to join both on-site and online. We hope to meet you then and discuss state-of-the-art methods and current thresholds to jointly bring the field forward!
In thermoelectric materials, phase boundaries are crucial for carrier/phonon transport. Manipulation of carrier and phonon scatterings by introducing continuous interface modification has been shown to improve thermoelectric performance. In this paper, a strategy of interface modification based on powder atomic layer deposition (PALD) is introduced to accurately control and modify the phase boundary of pure bismuth. Ultrathin layers of Al2O3, TiO2, and ZnO are deposited on Bi powder by typically 1–20 cycles. All of the oxide layers significantly alter the microstructure and suppressed grain growth. These hierarchical interface modifications aid in the formation of an energy barrier by the oxide layer, resulting in a substantial increase in the Seebeck coefficient that is superior to that of most pure polycrystalline metals. Conversely, taking advantage of the strong electron and phonon scattering, an exceptionally large decrease in thermal conductivity is obtained. A maximum figure of merit, zT, of 0.15 at 393 K and an average zT of 0.14 at 300–453 K were achieved in 5 cycles of Al2O3-coated Bi. The ALD-based approach, as a practical interfacial modification technique, can be easily applied to other thermoelectric materials, which can contribute to the development of high-performance thermoelectric materials of great significance.
Thermoelectric (TE) materials are prominent candidates for energy converting applications due to their excellent performance and reliability. Extensive efforts for improving their efficiency in single-/multi-phase composites comprising nano/micro-scale second phases are being made. The artificial decoration of second phases into the thermoelectric matrix in multi-phase composites, which is distinguished from the second-phase precipitation occurring during the thermally equilibrated synthesis of TE materials, can effectively enhance their performance. Theoretically, the interfacial manipulation of phase boundaries can be extended to a wide range of materials. High interface densities decrease thermal conductivity when nano/micro-scale grain boundaries are obtained and certain electronic structure modifications may increase the power factor of TE materials. Based on the distribution of second phases on the interface boundaries, the strategies can be divided into discontinuous and continuous interfacial modifications. The discontinuous interfacial modifications section in this review discusses five parts chosen according to their dispersion forms, including metals, oxides, semiconductors, carbonic compounds, and MXenes. Alternatively, gas- and solution-phase process techniques are adopted for realizing continuous surface changes, like the core–shell structure. This review offers a detailed analysis of the current state-of-the-art in the field, while identifying possibilities and obstacles for improving the performance of TE materials.
High temperature-resistant fabrics can be used as a reinforcement structure in ceramic matrix composites. They often need a coating for oxidation protection and mechanical decoupling from the matrix. Atomic layer deposition (ALD) provides very thin conformal coatings even deep down into complex or porous structures and thus might be a suitable technique for this purpose. Carbon fiber fabrics (size 300mm× 80mm) and SiC fiber fabrics (size 400mm× 80mm) were coated using ALD with a multilayer system: a first layer made of 320 cycles of alumina (Al2O3) deposition, a second layer made of 142 cycles of titania-furfuryl alcohol hybrid (TiO2-FFA), and a third layer made of 360 cycles of titanium phosphate (TixPOy).
Wir konnten zum ALPIN Kick-Off Workshop 2021 am 21. und 22. September 72 Teilnehmer in Dresden begrüßen und das positive Feedback sowohl zu ALPIN als auch zum Workshop hat uns sehr gefreut. Die Arbeit hat sich also gelohnt und der Weg für unser Netzwerk ist geebnet. Wir werden diese Art von Workshop ab sofort jährlich durchführen (2022 treffen wir uns voraussichtlich in Bochum), um das Netzwerk zu stärken, die Möglichkeit zum Austausch zu bieten und neue gemeinsame Aktivitäten zu initiieren.